Antimatter is one of the most complicated materials to obtain. This makes it a very difficult material to obtain and costs about $62.5 billion per milligram, so antimatter is the most expensive material in the world. If you want to know everything about the Antimatter read this article.
What is antimatter?
" Antimatter " is the matter that is made up of antiparticles. Antiparticles are particles whose electrical charge is opposite, so it is changed sign. For example, let's imagine a proton. The charge of a proton is positive, so the antiproton, which is the antiparticle of the proton, has an identical mass and charge, but instead of being positive it is negative. When a particle collided with its antiparticle, they disintegrated each other, resulting in luminous flashes produced by photons.
What is the difference between antimatter, dark matter and dark energy?
These concepts are often very confused by some people when they are very different ideas.
As I have explained before, antimatter is basically all matter made up of antiparticles.
However, dark matter still has virtually no information. We know of its existence because we infer that dark matter is what produces the gravitation of some spatial structures. Dark matter is thought to form more than 25% of the universe.
Dark energy is a force nowadays mysterious that makes the universe expand faster and faster. This energy is around the entire universe and occupies about 70% of it.
This means that visible matter, (also known as ordinary matter or barionic matter), constitutes only about 5% of the universe. Unbelievable, isn't it?
When and how were antiparticles and antimatter discovered?
The discovery of antiparticles is not recent at all, as we'll have to travel to the 1930s to understand it from scratch. Paul Dirac set out to relate the principles of Einstein's relativity to Niels Bohr's quantum physics, resulting in the well-known Dirac equation.
It was to know the existence of a negative energy to 0 on the particles. The theory that particles with energies negative form the vacuum was called " Dirac Ocean " u "Dirac sea ".
These particles leave an empty hole when you jump from one energy level to another giving rise to an absence of negative charge, which as a result will possess a positive charge. With this reasoning, the Dirac equation gave rise to the possible existence of the antiparticles, the fact that it revolutionized the scientific community.
A long time later, the american physicist Carl Anderson observed in 1932 by the presence of a particle, which he named “positron” while I was photographing traces of cosmic rays. This meant that the prediction of anti-particles was created by Paul Dirac was true and that the antimatter was also.
What is antimatter used for?
Antimatter has important applications in medicine, these are mainly used in the world of medicine. Positrons are very useful antiparticles used in TOMography. Thanks to positron emission tomography, today we can generate images of the human body with impressive qualities. With these high-resolution images, doctors are able to detect cancer. Actually scientist are studying the possible destruction of tumors with the use of antimatter.
Today, scientists are working to produce antimmater on a larger scale, and when they get it, one of the uses main of the antimatter will be to serve as a fuel for the future space rockets. This is because that currently is the source of energy most powerful that exists. With antimatter we will send rockets much faster. Only 20 milligrams of antimatter can send a rocket to Mars.
Another possible use of this exotic material will be as armament due to the explosion it produces when it comes into contact with ordinary matter.